Performance Dentistry

Performance Dentistry is specifically. "Examination of the function, balance and symmetry of incisors and molar teeth, and treatment as necessary." To maintain optimum oral health and maximise comfort when the horse is masticating and bitted, it is required once or twice per year — throughout life. Obviously, this type of professional visit can form the basis of annual health checks for horses as occurs with humans and small animals...

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Wolf Teeth in Horses

Wolf teeth are technically known as the first premolar teeth in horses. They usually erupt into the mouth at 5-12 months of age, but do NOT continue to grow or erupt into the mouth throughout life as do other cheek teeth. It has been estimated that approximately 70% of horses will develop wolf teeth...

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Parrot Mouth in Horses

Parrot mouth has several other names and these include: brachygnathism, overshot maxilla, buck tooth, undershot jaw or overbite; when the top incisor teeth's front edge is further forward that that of the lower teeth. Obviously there are all different degrees of parrot mouth — minor through to severe. In minor cases, the upper and lower incisors still meet, but are not perfectly aligned, but in severe cases, the two do not meet at all...

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Lumps and Bumps on the Horse's Head

It is not uncommon in practice to be asked to examine a horse for a lump on the head of a horse. The inability of the horse to inform us how and when the lump started can make diagnosing the cause of these a challenge at times. As with most medical problems, it is only with a correct diagnosis that the correct treatment can be instigated. Sometimes other signs of disease elsewhere in the body, eg. lungs, may assist in reaching a diagnosis, and so a complete clinical examination is necessary.

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Dental Problems in Young Horses

As with much of the horse's body, the most important age for its mouth is the teething period, where it changes from primary (deciduous or baby) dentition to secondary (permanent or adult) teeth. Between the age of 2½ and 4½ years of age, the horse will shed 24 baby teeth — both premolars (cheek) and incisor (front) teeth. These teeth are replaced by adult teeth.

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